Recommended Reading and Links
Listed below are reference materials and places to find more information on the Stonewall Brigade, units, relatives that were with the Stonewall Brigade, and resources for our members to improve their impressions of Confederate infantrymen.
The Stonewall Brigade
Brice, Marshall Moore. The Stonewall Brigade Band (Verona, VA: McClure Printing, 1967).
Robertson, James I. Jr. The Stonewall Brigade (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1963).
Stickley, Ezra E. “Stonewall Brigade at Second Manassas” in Confederate Veteran, Volume 9 (1901) p. 461. Available online at Google Books. Stickley served in Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry (1861-1862).
Terry, William “The ‘Stonewall Brigade’ at Chancellorsville” in Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. XIV (1886) pp. 364-270. Available online at Tufts University. Terry commanded the 4th Virginia Infantry at Chancellorsville.
Walker, James A. “The Bloody Angle” in Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. XXI, pp. 228-238. Available online at Tufts University. Walker commanded the brigade at Spotsylvania.
Wert, Jeffry D. A. Brotherhood of Valor: The Common Soldiers of the Stonewall Brigade, C.S.A. and the Iron Brigade, U.S.A. (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1999).
Worsham, John H. One of Jackson’s Foot Cavalry; his Experience and what he saw During the War 1861-1865, Including a History of “F Company,” Richmond, Va., 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry, Second Brigade, Jackson’s Division, Second Corps, A. N. Va. Available online at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Brigade Commanders and Staff
Bean, William. Stonewall’s Man: Sandie Pendleton (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1959). Pendleton served as a brigade staff officer in 1861.
Caldwell, Willie. Walker Stonewall Jim: A Biography of General James A. Walker, C.S.A. (Elliston, VA: Northcross House, 1990). Walker was one of the brigade’s commanders (1863-1864).
Memoir and Memorials: Letters of Elisha Franklin Paxton, Brigadier-General, C.S.A. Available online from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. After commanding the 27th Virginia, Paxton went on to lead the Brigade until his death at the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Paxton, John Gallatin, ed. The Civil War Letters of General Frank ‘Bull’ Paxton, C.S.A., a Lieutenant of Lee and Jackson (Hillsboro, TX: Hill Junior College Press, 1978).
Colt, Margaretta Barton. Defend the Valley: A Shenandoah Family in the Civil War (New York, NY: Crown Publishers, 1994). Published letters, diaries and memoirs of the Barton-Jones-Marshall family. Randolph J. Barton served on the brigade staffs of Paxton, Walker, and Terry (1863-1865). Francis B. Jones served on the staff of Jackson (1861).
Douglas, Henry K. I Rode with Stonewall (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1940). Douglas served as a brigade staff officer (1862-1863).
Howard, McHenry. Recollections of a Maryland Confederate Soldier and Staff Officer Under Johnston, Jackson, and Lee (Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins, 1914). Howard served as a brigade staff officer (1862). Available online from Archive.org.
Jackson, Mary Anna. Life and Letters of General Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson) (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1892). Available online from Archive.org.
Jackson, Mary Ann. Memoirs of Stonewall Jackson, by His Widow (Louisville, KY: Prentice Press, 1895). Available online from Archive.org.
Robertson, James I. Jr. Stonewall Jackson: The Man, the Soldier, the Legend (New York, NY: Macmillan, 1997).
2nd Virginia Infantry
“A Memorandum of Occurrences and Events During the Service of John Q.A. Nadenbousch Commanding Company D, 2nd Infantry Virginia Volunteers” in Mabel H. and Ann H. Gardiner, Chronicles of Old Berkeley (1938) pp. 152-165. Available online from the University of Pennsylvania. Nadenbousch was colonel of the 2nd Virginia (1863-1864).
Baylor, George. Bull Run to Bull Run: or Four Years in the Army of Northern Virginia (Richmond, VA: 1900). Available online from Archive.org. Baylor served in Co. G, 2nd Virginia Infantry (1861- 1862).
Colt, Margaretta Barton. Defend the Valley: A Shenandoah Family in the Civil War (New York, NY: Crown Publishers, 1994). Published letters, diaries and memoirs of the Barton-Jones-Marshall family. William S. Barton served as an officer in 2nd Virginia Infantry (1861-1863). Francis B. Jones served as Major of 2nd Virginia Infantry (1861-1862)
Douglas, Henry. I Rode with Stonewall (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1940). Douglas served as an officer in Co. B, 2nd Virginia Infantry (1861-1862).
Frye, Dennis Second Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1984).
Lawson Botts Papers. Available online at the Virginia Military Institute Archives. Colonel Lawson Botts commanded the 2nd Virginia.
Randolph, Isham. Gleanings from a Harvest of Memories (Columbia, MO: E.W. Stephens Company, 1937). Isham’s recollections of his brothers, William W. and Robert C. Randolph, who were officers in Co. C, 2nd Virginia Infantry.
4th Virginia Infantry
Robertson, James I. Jr. Fourth Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1982).
Bean, William G. The Liberty Hall Volunteers: Stonewall’s College Boys (Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1964). History of Company I, 4th Virginia Infantry.
Bosang, James N. Memoirs of a Pulaski Veteran of the Stonewall Brigade, 1861-1865 (Pulaski, VA: B.D. Smyth & Brothers, 1930). Available online. Captain Bosang commanded Co. C, 4th Virginia Infantry (1861-1865).
Caddall, J. “The Pulaski Guards, Company C, 4th Virginia Infantry, At the First Battle of Manassas, July 18, 1861” in Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. XXXII (1904) pp. 174-178. Available online from Google Books.
McMullen, Glenn ed. A Surgeon With Stonewall Jackson: The Civil War Letters of Dr. Harvey Black (Baltimore, MD: Butternut & Blue Press, 1995). Black was surgeon of the 4th Virginia Infantry before moving on to brigade, division, and corps duties.
Strickler, Givens. “Liberty Hall Volunteers, Company I, Fourth Virginia Infantry” in Washington & Lee University Historical Papers, No. 6, (1904) pp. 111-122. Available online from Google Books. Strickler was an officer in Co. I, 4th Virginia Infantry.
Turner, Charles. Ted Barclay, Liberty Hall Volunteers: Letters from the Stonewall Brigade 1861-1864 (Natural Bridge Station, VA: Rockbridge Publishing Co., 1992). Barclay served as an officer in Co. I, 4th Virginia Infantry.
Turner, Charles. Old Zeus – Life and Letters (1860-1862) of James J. White, Captain of the Liberty Hall Volunteers 1861-1862 (Verona, VA: McClure Press, 1983).
White, William. Sketches of the Life of Captain Hugh A. White of the Stonewall Brigade, By His Father (Columbia, S.C.: South Carolina Press, 1864). Available online from the Open Library. White was an officer in Co. I, 4th Virginia Infantry (1862).
5th Virginia Infantry
Wallace, Lee A. Fifth Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1988).
The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War. Available online at the University of Virginia. Fantastic collection of Civil War letters and diaries from Augusta and Franklin Counties, including the letters of Colonel William Naylor of the 5th Virginia and the diary of James Beard of the 5th Virginia.
Brand Civil War Collection. Available online from the University of Virginia.William Francis Brand served in Company E of the 5th Virginia.
Long, Andrew D. Stonewall’s ‘Foot Cavalryman,’: Andrew Davidson Long, Company A, Fifth Virginia Regiment (Steck, Vaughn Printers, 1965). Long served in Co. A, 5th Virginia Infantry (1862-1865).
Opie, John Newton. A Rebel Cavalryman with Lee, Stuart, and Jackson (Chicago, IL: W. B. Conkey Company, 1899). Available online via Google Books. Although he spent most of the war in the 6th Virginia Cavalry, Opie began his military service with Company L of the 5th Virginia.
27th Virginia Infantry
Reidenbaugh, Lowell. Twenty Seventh Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1982).
John Garibaldi Papers. Available online at the Virginia Military Institute Archives. John Garibaldi served as 3rd Sergeant of Company C of the 27th Virginia.
Joseph Hannah Carpenter Papers. Available online at the Virginia Military Institute Archives. Captain Joseph Carpenter commanded Company A of the 27th Virginia, later converted to an artillery company as Carpenter’s Battery.
McAllister, James. Sketch of Captain Thompson McAllister, Co. A, 27th Regiment (Petersburg, VA: Fenn & Owen, 1896). McAllister was an officer in Co. A, 27th Virginia Infantry (1861). Available online from Archive.org.
Turner, Charles ed. My Dear Emma: War Letters of Colonel James K. Edmonson, 1861- 1865 (Verona, VA: McClure Press, 1978). Edmonson served in 1863 as Colonel of the regiment.
Welsh, John P. and James Welsh. “A House Divided: The Civil War Letters of A Virginia Family” W.G. Bean ed., in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. LIX (1951) pp. 397-422. John Welsh was an officer in Co. B, 27th Virginia Infantry (1861-1863).
33rd Virginia Infantry
Reidenbaugh, Lowell. Thirty Third Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1987).
Casler, John O. Four Years in the Stonewall Brigade (Guthrie, OK: State Capital Print Co., 1893). Available online from the University of Michigan. Casler was a member of Co. A, 33rd Virginia Infantry.
Cummings, Arthur C. “Thirty-third Virginia at First Manassas” in Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. XXXIV (1906) pp. 363-371. Available online from Tufts University. Cummings was colonel of the regiment (1861-1862).
Derasus E. W. Myers Letter. Available online at the Virginia Military Institute Archives. Derasus Myers served as a Sergeant with the 33rd Virginia. This letter, written after the Battle of Chancellorsville, discusses the death of Gen. Stonewall Jackson.
Jessup, Harlan R. The Painful News I Have to Write (Baltimore, MD: Butternut & Blue Press, 1999). Contains the letters of the Hite brothers who served in the Co. H, 33rd Virginia Infantry.
Martin, Robert H. A Boy of Old Shenandoah (Parsons, WV: McClain Print Co., 1977). Includes letters of Albion Martin who served on the regimental staff (1861-1863).
Reed Family Correspondence. Available online at the University of Notre Dame. Includes the letters of Thomas Griffin Read, who served in the 33rd Virginia.
General Confederate Impressions
The following resources are highly recommended reading for members of the Stonewall Brigade seeking to improve their first person impression or living history presentations.
Glatthaar, Jospeh. General Lee’s Army: From Victory to Collapse (New York, NY: Free Press, 2009).
Griffith, Paddy. Battle Tactics of the Civil War (Ramsbury, UK: The Crowood Press, 2014).
Jensen, Leslie D. “A Survey of Confederate Central Government Quartermaster Issue Jackets”, in The Company of Military Historians (1989). Available online from The Company of Military Historians. The ground-breaking research from Les Jensen upon which all subsequent research on Richmond Depot-issued jackets is based.
Keegan, John. The Face of Battle: A Study of Agincourt, Waterloo, and the Somme (London, UK: Penguin Books, 1984). Although it is outside our time period, Keegan’s chapter on Waterloo provides some of the best analysis available on the experience of combat using Napoleonic tactics.
McWhiney, Grady. Attack and Die: Civil War Military Tactics and Southern Heritage (Birmingham, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1984).
Wiley, Bell Irvin. The Life of Johnny Reb: The Common Soldier of the Confederacy (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1978). Absolutely the first book to read to start improving your Confederate impression.
The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Massive collection of after action reports, official correspondence, orders, and returns. Provided by Cornell University Library.
Library of Congress – Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints. Over 7,000 Civil War photographs, many available in high resolution for detailed analysis
National Archives – Compiled Records of Military Units in Volunteer Confederate Organizations. Contains microfilm scans of service records for Confederate soldiers. Provided through Archive.org.
National Archives – Compiled Records of Military Units in Volunteer Union Organizations. Contains microfilm scans of muster forms for Union units. Provided through Archive.org.
James I. Robertson Jr. Civil War Sesquicentennial Legacy Collection. Collection of letters, diaries, photographs, and other manuscripts. Provided through the Library of Virginia.
Authentic Campaigner. The primary web forum for authentic Civil War reenactors.
Milstead, Richard M. Richmond Depot Jackets: Characteristics, Anomalies, and Myths. From the Liberty Rifles. A worthy successor to Les Jensen’s foundational work.
Milstead, Richard M. Richmond Depot Clothing Volume II: More Jackets, Pans, Shirts, and Drawers. From the Liberty Rifles.
Milstead, Richard M. “I am Rigged in a Splendid Suit of Blue…”: Interpreting Richmond Depot Clothing from a Material Culture Paradigm. From the Liberty Rifles.
Schruefer, James M. Blue and Grey Marching. Outstanding research articles and photographic studies. No longer an active site, but available here via Archive.org.
Schneider, Craig. Fly Tents and Shelter Halves: Confederate Tent Production in Richmond. From the Liberty Rifles.
Schneider, Craig. Biscuit Bakers and Camp Kettles: Notes on Confederate Mess Equipment. From the Liberty Rifles. Excellent research illustrating the unique mess equipment used by Confederate forces and how it differed from that seen in Federal usage.
Adolphus Confederate Uniforms. Excellent research on Confederate uniforms.
Articles from the 33rd Wisconsin. Well-researched articles on every topic from period games of chance to how to roll a great coat.
Tacket, Silas. Silas’s Library of Links. A fantastic collection of articles from various sources curated by Silas Tacket of the 44th Tennessee. Covers drill, food, clothing, and improving your impression.
Civil War Digital Digest. Great Youtube videos on authentic uniform construction and period recipes, as well as other topics.
How to Create Authentic Cartridges. Good instructions from the 4th U.S. Infantry, Company K on making authentic cartridges and arsenal packs.
Tobe, John E. Campaign Kits Part 1 and Part 2. An excellent pair of articles from the Columbia Rifles Research Compendium explaining what to pack and how to wear your gear for a campaigner event. Hosted by the 116th Pennsylvania.
O’ Beirne, Kevin. “Campaign Cuisine“, Columbia Rifles Research Compendium. Another article from the Columbia Rifles Research Compendium, this time explaining authentic period rations. Hosted by the 116th Pennsylvania.
O’ Beirne, Kevin. “Knapsack and Haversack Packing 101“, Columbia Rifles Research Compendium. Another article from the Columbia Rifles Research Compendium, this time exploring what to pack for an event and comparing it to period weight estimates for troops on campaign. Hosted by the 116th Pennsylvania.
Period Slang. A glossary of period slang presented by “The Buffsticks”, Third U.S. Regular Infantry, Company K.
Gilham’s Manual. An online version of our primary drill manual.
The Drill Network. An excellent online collection of period drill manuals and articles on drill.
Civil War Daily Gazette. Followed the 150th Anniversary cycle day by day.